Khilji Dynasty | About Alauddin Khilji

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The Khalji is call as  Khilji dynasty. Khilji was a Muslim dynasty which ruled large parts of the Indian subcontinent from 1290 and 1320.  It was founded by Jalal ud din Firuz Khalji and he became the second dynasty to rule the Delhi Sultanate of India. The Khilji Dynasty was the second dynasty of Delhi sultanate. He came from central Asia. The Khiljis served under the llbari dynasty of Delhi. Malik Firuz was the founder of the Khilji dynasty.  He was appointed by kaiqabad during the days of the decline of the llbari Dynasty. On 1290, Malik firuz ascended the throne of Delhi as Jalal-ud-din Firuz khilji.

Jalal-ud-din-Firuz Khilji (AD 1290-96)

Jalal-ud-din-Firuz Khilji was the first Indian ruler of the khilji dynasty. He ruled from 1290-1294. He also invaded India and built his capital in Delhi, though he never really ruled from there. Then he constructed another capital at Kilokhri and ruled from there for around 6years. when Mongols attacked the country, Jalal-ud-din Khilji act as a brave front and smart negotiations made the Mongols depart. They came back after five years later and attacked once again when his nephew ascended on the throne.

Some points about jalal-ud-din firuz khilji

1-He came to the throne at the age of seventy and ruled for 6 years.
2-He made kilokhari as his capital.
3-He appointed Malik chajju who was a balban’s nephew, as the governer of Kara.
4-Jamaluddin came to Kara in July 1296. Where he was murdered by his own nephew.

Ala-ud-din Khilji (1296-1316)

The second ruler of the Khilji dynasty was Ala-ud-din Khilji, whose real name was Juna Khan. He ruled in India from 1296-1316.  

Some points about Ala-ud-din khilji

1-He was the nephew and son-in-law of the first khilji ruler, jalal-ud-din khilji.
2-Ala-ud-din  killed jalal-ud-din khilji and then announced himself as the ruler of Delhi.
3-He expanded his territory into the India within a short span of time.
4- He was the greatest ruler of the khilji dynasty and was the first Muslim ruler to extend his empire right up to the extreme south of India.
5-He concentrated all power of the state in his own hands.
6-He adopted “blood and iron “policy of balban in tackling the Mongol menace. So he built a protecting wall around Delhi and repaired the old forts on the route of Mongols.
7-He forbade parties and marriage relations among the nobles without his permission.
8-He established a network of spices all over his kingdom.
9-He established three separate markets in Delhi for food grains, costly cloths, horses, slaves, and cattle.
10-Like balban, he built several forts on North West frontier and repaired old ones.
11-He built the jamait khana masjid at the dargah of nizam-ud-din auliya and Alai darwaza near qutb minar.
12-He began the construction of Alai minar near qutub minar but could not complete it.

After the death of Alauddin, his favorite kafur, tried to get throne, But after 5 weeks Kafur was murdered, then Mubarak khilji who was another son of Alauddin ruled for 4 years.then Mubarak was murdered by Khusrau Malik. Khausrau was defeated by Ghazi Tughlaq then Ghazi became the new ruler of the delhi  sultanate. And title was the Ghias-ud-din Tughluq. Thus dynasty of khilji was replaced by Tughluq Dynasty


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